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The artificial womb technology that is creating ripples in the medical sector

Technology has evolved by leaps and bounds and it is on the verge of making the art of ectogenesis come true.

So what exactly is ectogenesis?

When a baby is born prematurely, ectogenesis improves his survival rates and increases the fertility of the mother in turn. Ectogenesis is the invention of an external womb that functions just like the real one. This is a breakthrough in the medical science field, however since it has not been performed successfully on human babies, it is still marked by frightening possibilities of the unexplored areas.

The biobag technology:

Ectogenesis also known as the biobag technology helps in preventing death of children who are born due to complications in the mother's womb. The recent experiment on a premature lamb baby which in human baby years was around 24 weeks old. These babies can successfully grow in these biobags and can live a long healthy life.

The artificial womb baby born technology has not been used on humans because it is apparently not ethical but at the same time is surprisingly okay when it comes to animal trials.

The recent experiment in this field:

A research was carried out in Cambridge University where a a mixture of nutrients that were almost like the conditions that existed in the womb, kept a human embryo alive for a period of 13 days. The embryo could have possibly survived the entire process but it had to be stopped because they were given a 14 day legal limit to see the development. This was the time limit given to the researchers to keep the embryo in the lab. It's sad to say that even when technology has advanced so much, it's the ethical process that is stopping us from making remarked progress.

The scientists are trying a number of ways to make this remarkable discovery and technology sustainable so that it can legally be carried out on human babies. Once scientists master this technology, the gap between the earliest time a foetus can be taken out and the longest time an embryo can survive will reduce significantly, giving rise to a sustainable technology when it comes to making an artificial womb.

The key to survival through ectogenesis is reproducing the conditions of the womb. As scientists become better at that, the gap between the longest time embryos can survive and the earliest time a foetus is viable will become narrow. When the two timescales meet, we will have the technology for a complete external womb.

Artificial wombs can become a game changer when talks about parenthood equality emerge.When a baby born in artificial womb, finally both men and women will have a chance to see a baby grow without an unnecessary amount of discomfort to the mother and when talks of divorce emerge later on in life, the custody of the child that usually falls in favour of mothers will be reconsidered. Homosexual couples, trans men and women could all benefit greatly from this technology.

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