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Types of Heart Diseases in Children


Heart diseases always make you scary in adults. But, when it is in children, that is the real tragedy. Earlier, you knew that heart diseases are only for old age. But, now, the situation has changed. As medical science has improved a lot, you get to know that children can also suffer from heart diseases. They can suffer from congenital heart defects, viral heart infections, genetic illness of heart and also certain cardiac symptoms which can grow later. But, the good thing of all is that if you consult the best pediatric cardiologist in India and follow the thorough treatment, such problems can be cured and your kid can have a full life to live. You must have some ideas about heart diseases that threaten kids’ life. Read on to know more-

1.   Congenital Heart Diseases

Usually, kids are born with CHD. This is kind of heart defects that present during birth. If a kid born with CHD, he/she will have the following problems-

a.       Heart valve disorder where the narrowness of aortic valve will prevent blood flow into the heart
b.      Hypoplastic left heart syndrome where the left side of the heart is underdeveloped
c.       Holes in heart, specifically on the walls of the major blood vessels and also on the walls of the chambers. Such defects include-

·         Atrial septal defects
·         Ventricular septal defects
·         Patent ductus arteriosus

d.      Tetralogy of Fallot, which comes with four heart defects in kids-

·         Hole in the ventricular septum
·         Displaced aorta
·         The narrow passage between a pulmonary artery and right ventricle
·         The thickened right side of the heart

Such issues may have a long-term effect on kids’ health. Children, suffering from CHD, may need continuous monitoring and treatment.

2 .     Atherosclerosis

If fat and plaques, filled with cholesterol, build up inside the arteries, that condition is known as atherosclerosis. If the buildup increases, it will narrow down the arteries and cease blood flow. Such condition will increase the risk of blood clots and heart attacks. As it takes many years to develop the plaques, it is uncommon in children and teenagers. But, if a kid is already suffering from hypertension, obesity, high blood sugar, and other health issues, this heart disease can put him/her at risk of atherosclerosis. Kids, who have this disease in their family, are also at high risk. Medicines won’t help much if there are no overnight changes in lifestyle.

3.      Arrhythmias

When your heart doesn’t beat in regular rhythm, that condition is known as arrhythmia. In this condition, your heart pumps less blood throughout your body. Usually, children suffer from different types of arrhythmias-

·         Tachycardia, faster heart rate than normal
·         Long Q-T syndrome
·         Bradycardia, slower heart rate than normal
·         Wolff-Parkinson-White  Syndrome

Kids, suffering from arrhythmias, may have the following symptoms-

·         Weakness
·         Dizziness
·         Fatigue
·         Difficulty in eating
·         Fainting

Here, you get ideas about the heart diseases that can affect kids, even after they born. If you get any symptom in your baby, consult a doctor immediately.

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